Clean Development Mechanism (CDM)

Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) is a carbon trading system, defined in article 12 of the Kyoto Protocol, with the objective to cut green house gas emissions. To achieve their emission-cutting obligations, developed countries invest in the installation of green technology in developing countries in return for carbon credits. In this system, developed nations can meet their emission reduction goals while stimulating sustainable development... Read More


The field within financial services in which companies lend capital and provide financial services to low-income groups or individuals who do not typically have access to these services, in order to provide them with opportunity to become financially self-sufficient.  Read More


Biodynamic farming is an holistic and regenerative farming system that is focused on soil health, the integration of plants and animals, and biodiversity. It seeks to create a farm system that is minimally dependent on imported materials, and instead meets its needs from the living dynamics of the farm itself. It is the biodiversity of the farm, organized so that the waste of one part of the farm becomes the materials and energy for another,... Read More

Social Impact Bond

A Social Impact Bond is a financial instrument where private individuals invest in “public” or government programs, where a return on investment is made if certain metrics are achieved. Resources: Social Impact Bonds (n.d.).┬áSocial Finance. Retrieved March 8, 2011, from  Read More